Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY   Spring 2004 , Volume 9 , Number 4 (36); Page(s) 180 To 24.
 
Paper: 

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN JOB BURNOUT AND PERSONALITY TRAITS IN NURSES

 
 
Author(s):  AFKHAM EBRAHIMI A., ELAHI F.*, RASOULIAN M.
 
* Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Peech-e-Shemran, next to Faculty of Rehabilitation, Tehran Welfare Organization, 2nd Block, Reception and coordination section, Tehran, Iran
 
Abstract: 

Objectives: This project aimed to evaluate both the level of job burnout in three dimensions of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and decrement of personal accomplishment as well as assessing its relationship to personality traits.
Method: 210 nurses working in Rasoul Akram Hospital were evaluated by Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Personality Disorders (MMPI-PD). 184 questionnaires were completed; the rest were either unanswered or partially answered (response rate: 87.6%). The four groups of subjects with the most frequent personality traits were selected. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), the Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA), and Post hoc Least method were used for the analysis of the differences between burnout mean scores.
Findings: Nurses’ total level of job burnout was assessed as average in emotional exhaustion, low in depersonalization, and average in personal accomplishment. The subjects afflicted with obsessive- compulsive disorder exhibited the highest level of emotional exhaustion and the lowest level of personal accomplishment. Histrionic and narcissistic subjects respectively indicated the highest level of depersonalization and personal accomplishment.
Results: The level of job burnout is different in various personality groups in addition to its relation to occupational and demographic variables

 
Keyword(s): JOB BURNOUT, PERSONALITY TRAITS, EMOTIONAL EXHAUSTION, DEPERSONALIZATION, PERSONAL ACCOMPLISHMENT, NURSES
 
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