Paper Information

Journal:   WOMAN IN DEVELOPMENT AND POLITICS (WOMEN'S RESEARCH)   Spring 2004 , Volume 2 , Number 1; Page(s) 71 To 91.
 
Paper: 

SOCIOLOGICAL FACTORS RELATED TO THE RE-DEFINITION OF WOMEN S SOCIAL IDENTITY

 
 
Author(s):  SAROUKHANI B., RAFAT JAH M.
 
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Abstract: 
The increased rate of womens employment and education has weakened the legitimacy of womens roles in traditional (patriarchal) families. At the same time, challenges in balancing traditional and modem roles have contributed to the emergence of a crisis in womens identity. As a result, there is an urgent need for women to redefine their identity. This research examines the individual and structural factors that contribute to womens hesitation in taking on traditional roles, in resisting stereotypical gender definitions, and womens capacity in redefming social identity. The research has utilized a survey approach as well as in depth interviews as its methodology. The results indicate that the structural position of women as compared with the personal sense of identify has greater influence in redefining womens social identity and their capacity to resist stereotypical gender definitions. Additionally, the study indicates that the impact of education has been greater than the impact of employment on the redefmition of womens social identity. Religious women, who have attained higher education, experience a lack of cohesion in their identity. However, as these women continue with their education, they begin to rethink their religious and traditional identities, and as a result are able to greatly overcome the contradictions.
 
Keyword(s): EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, REDEFINITION, SOCIAL IDENTITY, STRUCTURAL POSITION, WOMEN
 
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