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Paper Information

Journal:   CULTURAL STUDIES & COMMUNICATION   SPRING-SUMMER 2006 , Volume 2 , Number 5; Page(s) 213 To 234.
 
Paper: 

CULTURE AND POLICY-MAKING IN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  EBRAHIMBAI SALAMI GH.H.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL PLANING, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Value system, beliefs and people's life style have a mutual relation with public policy-making and decision-making about the resource allocation. In every society, policy-making is the reflection of selected values in that society. Therefore, understanding any policymaking is not possible unless with regards to the cultural and value evolution in that society. Studying mutual relation between culture and policy-making and the resulted interaction is affected by the main issues and problems existing in the process of development and evolution of Iran society. Analyzing policies, plans and their consequences show that the State has always been confronted with significant value and cultural challenges for implementing macro policies. The unsuccess of policy-making and planning in the last 6 decades (1937-2007) represent the existence of cultural, value and institutional limitations, in the one hand, and the impact of production styles and social structure which have been resulted from oil incomes, on the other hand. Economic liberalization and privatization have been the center of economic policies in the last two decades. Declaring macro policies of the article 44 of the constitutional law concerning expansion of participation, private ownership, and competitiveness, and development of job opportunities for people has led policy-making into a new phase. Implementation of the mentioned policies requires understanding of the background cultural of society. Because of the resulting economic and social consequences, the importance of understanding and analyzing of interaction between policy-making and culture becomes significant.

 
Keyword(s): CULTURE, POLICY-MAKING, ECONOMIC LIBERTY, PRIVATIZATION
 
References: 
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