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Paper Information

Journal:   YAFTEH   FALL 2006 , Volume 8 , Number 3 (29); Page(s) 47 To 54.
 
Paper: 

RISK OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS TRANSMISSION FOLLOWING UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY

 
 
Author(s):  HAJIANI ESKANDAR*, HASHEMI SEYED JALAL, MASJEDIZADEH A.A.R., CHERAGHI M.
 
* JONDI-SHAPOUR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, AHVAZ, DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL
 
Abstract: 
Background: Hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is a main health problem in our country. It is thought that the transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) through the endoscopic procedures is a rare event. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of conventional disinfection in the transmission of HCV.
Materials and methods: A prospective study, comprising 456 consecutive upper gastrointestinal endoscopies was carried out in our endoscopy centers by using conventional disinfection (exposure of the endoscope to 2% glutaraldehyde for 4 minutes), without altering the routine procedures. Anti-HCV antibodies were tested for all patients; and a questionnaire was fulfilled by the patients to obtain information regarding the risk factors for HCV infection. Six months and one year later anti-HCV antibodies were repeated and positive results were confirmed by the PCR method. Five hundred healthy blood donors were used for the control group.
Results: Five patients (1.09%) were anti-HCV-antibody positive. Anti-HCV antibody- positive patients confirmed in three patients by PCR method. Anti-HCV antibodies were found in 6 healthy blood donors (1.2%) of controls. Transfusion, no intravenous (i.v.) drug abuse, dental procedures, were found to be independent risk factors of HCV-positive the patients and controls groups No significant differences were observed between the patients and controls groups regarding the frequency of anti-HCV antibodies (P = 0.74).
Conclusion: HCV does not seem to transmit through the endoscopic procedures. Conventional disinfection of the endoscope and accessories is sufficient for prevention of HCV transmission.
 
Keyword(s): HEPATITIS, ENDOSCOPY, GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM, ANTIBODY
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
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APA: Copy

HAJIANI, E., & HASHEMI, S., & MASJEDIZADEH, A., & CHERAGHI, M. (2006). RISK OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS TRANSMISSION FOLLOWING UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY. YAFTEH, 8(3 (29)), 47-54. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=107137



Vancouver: Copy

HAJIANI ESKANDAR, HASHEMI SEYED JALAL, MASJEDIZADEH A.A.R., CHERAGHI M.. RISK OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS TRANSMISSION FOLLOWING UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY. YAFTEH. 2006 [cited 2021August02];8(3 (29)):47-54. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=107137



IEEE: Copy

HAJIANI, E., HASHEMI, S., MASJEDIZADEH, A., CHERAGHI, M., 2006. RISK OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS TRANSMISSION FOLLOWING UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY. YAFTEH, [online] 8(3 (29)), pp.47-54. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=107137.



 
 
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