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Paper Information

Journal:   NAMEH-YE OLUM-E EJTEMAI   FALL 2007 , Volume - , Number 31; Page(s) 21 To 56.
 
Paper: 

IRAN PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT (1964-1979): A SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE

 
 
Author(s):  TAVAKOL M., MAHDI ZADEH M.R.*
 
* SOCIOLOGY DEPARTMENT, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Today petroleum technology and industry is one of the most important and prominent industry worldwide, looked at from economic, technological, and political aspects. In Iran, petroleum sector plays an influential role in societal and economic development firstly seen from dependency of government income on oil revenues and secondly from sociological effects of oil technology on the people and districts of oil fields and areas containing oil related industries. Especially these effects may be crucial and risky in no-oil situation in future when the resources are finished confronting these communities with further difficulties because their development is based on oil production and not technology development.
This essay investigates Iran's oil development stages technologically from its establishment until 1979, mainly in an actor-network framework. By analyzing the network of actors that formed this industry through 3 historical stages and determining the progress achieved in taking technological capabilities, it is concluded that this sector succeeded solely in operational technological capabilities and could not achieve innovation capabilities for high level technology development. Main factors that prevented the industry from reaching the design and R & D (high-level) capabilities are: lack of will for renovation capabilities development in powerful actors, low coordination and integration in the network, and disability of actors for proper translation of interests.

 
Keyword(s): IRAN PETROLEUM INDUSTRY, TECHNOLOGY, TECHNOLOGICAL CAPABILITIES, ACTORS NETWORK, DEVELOPMENT, OPERATION DISCOURSE, NETWORK INTEGRITY
 
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