Paper Information

Journal:   HORMOZGAN MEDICAL JOURNAL   SUMMER 2007 , Volume 11 , Number 2; Page(s) 121 To 126.
 
Paper: 

NOISE POLLUTION AND HEARING LOSS IN ONE OF THE OIL INDUSTRIES IN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  ZARE MAHDI*, NASIRI PARVIN, SHAHTAHERI S.J.A.D., GOLBABAEI FARIDEH, AGHA MOULAEI T.
 
* FACULTY OF HEALTH, HORMOZGAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, BANDAR ABBAS, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Nowadays, noise exposure is one of the most important industrial health problems. Noise exposure can cause hearing loss and many other health problems. So, paying attention to the noise exposure problem should be of main priority in industrial health programs. This study was conducted in an oil producing region, aimed to assess noise pollution and noise induced hearing loss.
Methods: In this descriptive analytical study, study cases were working in a noise producing industry. 55 workers randomly selected as a case group and 55 persons who were working in the administrative department were selected as control group.
First, the noise producing source was defined and then sound levels were measured by means of sound level definition and the hearing loss. Data analysis was by Hest and correlation between noise hearing loss factors, using SPSS statistical software.
Results: Main noise sources were gas turbines, compressors, diesel generators, fans and gas containing pipes. The results of noise level measurement show that noise level at workplaces is higher than threshold limit value (P<0.001).
Analyzing the audiometric results show that in all frequencies hearing threshold level of exposed workers is greater than hearing threshold of non exposed workers and the workers exposed to noise levels more than 85dB have increased hearing loss at high frequencies (P<0.001).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that oil industry is among the industries having a hazard of hearing loss and other noise induced health disorders. In addition this study shows inefficiency of noise control methods and hearing preservance programs in the studied oil industry.

 
Keyword(s): NOISE NOISE- OCCUPATIONAL, HEARING LOSS, NOISE INDUCED, INDUSTRY
 
References: 
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