Paper Information

Journal:   AYENEH MAREFAT   FALL-WINTER 2006-2007 , Volume - , Number 9; Page(s) 101 To 124.
 
Paper: 

TIME AND PLACE IN KANT'S EPISTEMOLOGICAL SYSTEM

 
 
Author(s):  SEYED HASHEMI S.M.E.*
 
* SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Meaning and concept of time and place are the challenging issues in philosophy and physics. From one view all material objects are found to be in time and place and from another view we do not have any especial sense of time and place. This is the reason why we have so many different ideas explaining theses concepts. Some thinkers regard time and place to be illusionary and some even regard them as external realities.
Kant, the German philosopher with his strong influence on western philosophy, has interpreted time and place in his own especial way. He has brought these issues into the area of epistemology and has based his own epistemology on them. Bing strongly influenced by achievements in new science such as Newtonian physics and also Hume's skepticism, he is trying to justify the foundations of empirical science. He distinguishes intellect and pure reason as incapable of proving non material things such as God, soul, and so on. He believes that compound knowledge consists of object and cognitive forms. Object exists in the external world and is perceived through sensation but cognitive forms, at the stage of imagination are "time and place" and at the stage of affirmation are prior understanding knowledge. Thus whatever which does not lie in time and place is beyond man's knowledge. The result of this idea, as Kant clarifies, is to deny divine philosophy. Therefore, in this article, Kant's epistemological system is studied and his reasons and justifications are proven to be wrong.

 
Keyword(s): TIME, PLACE, OBJECT, COGNITIVE FORM, PRIOR CONCEPTS, POSTERIOR CONCEPTS, AESTHETIC SENSE
 
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