Paper Information

Journal:   PAYESH   APRIL 2008 , Volume 7 , Number 2; Page(s) 115 To 120.
 
Paper:  TRAUMA: AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY FROM A SINGLE INSTITUTE IN AHVAZ, IRAN
 
Author(s):  SALIMI J.*, ZAREEI M.R.
 
* SINA TRAUMA AND SURGERY RESEARCH CENTER, SINA HOSPITAL, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Objective: This prospective study was conducted to evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of trauma patients attending the emergency department of a university hospital in Ahvaz- Iran (2000).

Methods: We identified all trauma admissions due to blunt and penetrating injuries. Data were collected from emergency departments and intensive care log books at Golestan hospital by on-site data collectors.

Results: The total number of patients included in the study was 1141; of these, 952 (83.4%) were males. The mean age of the study sample was 26.7 +/- 17 years (range, 1- 84 years). Injuries were predominantly of the blunt type (91.8%), with only a small percentage of penetrating injuries (8.2%). The most common cause of injury was traffic accidents (59%). There were a total of 96 deaths (8.4%), and only a small number had an ISS of ≤ 15. Reflecting the overall mechanisms of injury, most deaths were caused by traffic accidents (71 patients-74%) and falls (16 patients- 16.7%).

Conclusion: The high frequency of traffic (especially pedestrian) accidents suggests that considerable effort is required for preventing these injuries.

 
Keyword(s): TRAFFIC ACCIDENT, TRAUMA, AHVAZ
 
References: 
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