Paper Information

Journal:   PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION RESEARCH (NAMAH-I HIKMAT)   SPRING-SUMMER 2004 , Volume 2 , Number 3; Page(s) 51 To 70.
 
Paper: 

OBJECT AND OBJECTIVITY IN THEORETICAL PHILOSOPHY OF KANT

 
 
Author(s):  HOUSHANGI H.*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

Copernican revolution of Kant and his opening a way between empiricism and rationalism was centred round a new conception of object, thing, and objectivity. Reducing thing to object and passing from object to object of knowledge and painting "object" in mental colours, is a long way that kant was passed, by keeping distance from prior philosophical traditions. Showing exactly what is the function of "object" in uniting sensible representations by grasping them in concepts and combining these concepts in a judgment, and seeking the role of other concepts, specially pure concepts of the understanding, in relation to object and the function of uniting are other related topics. Kant's explanation of how apriori synthetic judgments are possible, and how empirical judgments are distinguishable from subjective judgments are based in some sense on certain conception of "object" in his theoretical philosophy. For Kant, objectivity and truth are clarified in light of this discussion. Then, along with dichotomy of noumenon and phenomenon, Kant divides thing into empirical and transcendental, and surveys relation of these two divisions and their consequences with idealism, subjectivism or phenomenalism. Hence, we consider that the concept of "object" and fundamental concepts and doctrines of Kant's philosophy make a complicated network, so that examining this concept provides a key to systematic understanding of philosophy of Kant.

 
Keyword(s): KANT, OBJECT, OBJECTIVITY, TRUTH, EMPIRICAL JUDGMENTS, A PRIORI SYNTHETIC JUDGMENTS, CONCEPTS OF THE UNDERSTANDING
 
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