Paper Information

Journal:   OFOGH-E-DANESH   SUMMER 2007 , Volume 13 , Number 2; Page(s) 34 To 40.
 
Paper: 

THE SURVEY OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSIGHT WITH EDUCATIONAL LEVEL & POSITIVE / NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA

 
 
Author(s):  MOKHBER N.*
 
* MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, AVICENNA HOSPITAL, MASHHAD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Aim: schizophrenia is a kind of disease which decreases intelligent capacity and the ability of mind .In addition the symptoms that present in schizophrenia directly or indirectly are associated with intellectuality. Some researchers have shown such sort of association between the ability of mind and educational level with the grade of insight as well as clinical feature. The present study tries to show whether any association between insight and level of education is as well as positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia.
Materials and methods: One hundred and twenty five schizophrenic patients aged 18-45 years old referred to Avicenna hospital in Mashad were included. The duration was since Ordibehesht of 1384 until Ordibehesht of  1386.The positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia scale (PANSS) and Schedule for assessing the three components of insight (ASTCI) were used to assess the clinical features and the level of insight.SPSS-11 was used to statistical analysis and the method was Pearson co-efficiency analysis.
Results: There was a significant association between educational grades and insight (p<0.05) and negative association between mean scores of PANSS in three dimensions (negative, positive and global scores with total score of SATCI (P<0.05).
Conclusion: There is positive association between educational and insight levels. Furthermore the negative relationship between the severity of disease and the insight level has presented the importance of focusing on this issue to predict the prognosis as well as acceptance of medication account of the important role of insight and compliance of the treatment.

 
Keyword(s): INSIGHT, EDUCATION, POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE SIGNS, SCHIZOPHRENIA
 
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