Paper Information

Journal:   OFOGH-E-DANESH   SPRING 2007 , Volume 13 , Number 1; Page(s) 40 To 44.
 
Paper: 

SURVEY OF PREVALENCE OF MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN WHO STUDY AT GRADE ONE IN GONABAD PRIMARY SCHOOL IN 2005-2006

 
 
Author(s):  BASIRI MOGHADAM M.*, GHAHRAMANI M., CHAMANZARI H., BADIEI LALEH
 
* GONABAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, GONABAD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Aim: Not only evaluation of antropometric characteristics use for evaluation of children growth, but also it is sample, cheap, reliable and the strongest instrument for survey growth pattern and nutrition stats in different society. The purpose of this study was prevalence of malnutrition on the base of antropometric characteristics in children who study at grade one primary school and relation between malnutrition and some factors socioeconomic such as: Number of children, education and job parents. This study performed in 2005-2006.
Materials and Methods: This cross- sectional study was done on 558 children who study at grade one in Gonabad primary school. They were selected by stratified random sampling. All children were between 6 years and 3 month until 7 years and 3 month old. Children were between 6 years and 3 month until 6 years and 9 month were compared with 6.5 years of NCHS table standard and children were between 6 years and 3 month and one day until 7 years and 3 month were compared with 7 years of NCHS table standard. To evaluation malnutrition status used three criteria: Weight for age (Gom’s), weight for height (Waterlow) and height for age (Waterlow). Data analysis was done with SPSS soft ware and chi-square test.
Results: Prevalence malnutrition was with wasting 38%, with underweight 40.7% and with stunting 14.3%. There was relation between malnutrition with number of children, education and job parents, distance between pregnancy and twinning which was statistically significant (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed nutrition status wasn’t satisfactory and some of them have acute and chronic malnutrition. Thus it is necessary to improve nutrition of children by planning free nutrition in school. With attention to effect of some of economic factors in prevalence malnutrition, it is necessary to survey this problem as one of primary planning of our country, in the result complication, expenses treatment malnutrition will be reduced.

 
Keyword(s): MALNUTRITION, WASTING, UNDERWEIGHT, STUNTING
 
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