Paper Information

Journal:   TEHRAN UNIVERSITY MEDICAL JOURNAL (TUMJ)   APRIL 2008 , Volume 66 , Number 1; Page(s) 43 To 51.
 
Paper: 

EFFECTS OF APPLYING CONTINUOUS CARE MODEL ON BLOOD TESTS IN HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS

 
 
Author(s):  RAHIMI A.A.F., AHMADI FAZLOLAH*, GHOLYAF M.
 
* GISHA BRIDGE, TARBIAT MODARES UNIVERSITY, MEDICAL SCIENCES FACULTY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: The kidney is a complex and vital organ, regulating the electrolyte and fluid status of the human body. In clients with a chronic disease, such as end-stage renal disease, functioning status and hematologic indexes are different than among the general population. Electrolyte and hematologic changes may induce many illnesses for such patients. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of applying the continuous hemodialysis (HD) the blood test results of HD patients.
Methods: This quasi-experimental, before-after study included 38 HD patients from Hamedan, Iran in 2005. Subjects were selected using simple randomized sampling and were assigned to one group for the purpose of this research and investigated over a period of six months. Data collection tools included demographic questionnaire and control check lists. The first phase of the research involved orientation of the control group, which was limited to completion of the questionnaires and control check lists. Immediately after, the same patients became the case group, upon which continuous HD was applied and hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), potassium, sodium, and albumin tests were performed. Statistical analysis of the data employed SPSS (version 13), descriptive statistics, paired t-test and the Friedman test.
Results: In this group, 47.2% of the subjects were male and 52.8% female. Data analysis shows that, using repeated measurement ANOVA test, a significant relationship between application of the continuous HD and improvement in hemoglobin, hematocrit, BUN, potassium, sodium, and albumin levels (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Application of continuous HD causes a significant improvement in the blood test results of HD patients. We recommend that continuous HD be used, whenever appropriate, to resolve the common causes of complications in HD clients, including abnormal levels of electrolytes, especially potassium and phosphorus, as well as BUN and creatinine.

 
Keyword(s): CONTINUOUS CARE MODEL, BLOOD TESTS, END STAGE RENAL DISEASE
 
References: 
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