Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF BIRJAND UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES   SPRING 2007 , Volume 14 , Number 1 (30); Page(s) 31 To 36.
 
Paper: 

EFFECTS OF NUTRITION EDUCATION ON KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES OF TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS

 
 
Author(s):  SHABBIDAR SAKINEH*, FATHI B.
 
* TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Background and Aim: Diabetes Melitus is one of the most common metabolic complications that is rapidly growing. Thus, a proper preventive measure is necessary to control the disease. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of nutrition education on knowledge and attitudes of type 2 diabetic patients.
Materials and Methods: This prospective study was conducted in Rasht Razi Hospital on 135 randomly selected individuals with type 2 diabetes, aged between 35-70 years; diagnosed with type 2 diabetes after 35 years of age. Intervention consisted of 64 contact hours during several months. The intervention involved 3 months of weekly instructional sessions on nutrition, self monitoring of blood glucose, exercise and other self-care topics, in addition to 3 months of biweekly support sessions to promote behavior changes. At the end, dietary behaviors, knowledge, attitudes and fat intake of the cases were analysed. To do so, the difference between the cases’ behaviors before and after intervention was evaluated by means of statistical tests of ANOVA and Student-t tests at the significant level of P
£0.05.
Results: Significant reduction was seen in fat intake among the cases compared with those in the control group. This reduction was maintained during 3-months of follow - up assessment. Likewise, significant changes in dietary patterns, which were also maintained after the study, were reported. These changes  were not observed in dietary pattern replacement.
Conclusions: This model of health promotion seems to have the potential for decreasing fat and improving dietary patterns in type 2 diabetic patients.
 
Keyword(s): NUTRITION EDUCATION, DIABETES, KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES
 
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