Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES   SUMMER 2005 , Volume - , Number 45-46 (SPECIAL ISSUE ON PERSIAN LITERATURE); Page(s) 175 To 188.
 
Paper: 

RATIONALISM AND FREE-THINKING IN MOTENABBI’S AND NASSER KHOSRO’S WORKS

 
 
Author(s):  FARZAD A.A.H.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PERSIAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 
The Shaobieh or Islamic-Persian Humanism movement response a reply to totalism of Bani Omayeh, who in the shade of imperialism, had forgotten Islamic goals. The nature of Islamic humanistic movement was mixed with religious infrastructure and was derived from the holy Quran. That is why we can find a lot of true believer Muslims among them. Shaobieh had two main sects in Iran which prevailed in our literature and poetry for many centuries. The first sect was in the domain of sophism. The next sect was leaning on logical thinking based on science. The pioneer of this scientific approach was the "brothers of friendship" (Ekhavan-al-Safa) who analyzed the scientific issues and taught the entity of "doubts and knowledge". They believed that the first step toward knowledge is doubt. Among the trends which made a move in knowledge was an elementary realism. The peak of rationalism in Persian literature is Nasser Khosro. Motenabbi was a great Arab poet who, although cannot be placed in this movement definitely, (even some believe he was against Shoabieh) had some kind of self-esteem and freedom even from existentialism. This can place him next to Naser Khosro. The present research tries to discuss this important issue as far as the space of a short essay allows.
 
Keyword(s): REALISM, EXISTENTIALISM, KNOWLEDGE OF ERA, FREEDOM, DECONSTRUCTION
 
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