Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCES   WINTER 2005 , Volume 6 , Number 4; Page(s) 426 To 437.
 
Paper:  GENETIC STUDY OF WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) ROOT CHARACTERISTICS UNDER DROUGHT STRESS CONDITION
 
Author(s):  AHMADI JAFAR, ZALI A.A., YAZDI SAMADI B., TALEEI ALI REZA, GHANADHA M.R., FABRIKI OURANG S.
 
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Abstract: 

General and specific combining ability and gene action for some traits as root dry weight and root: shoot ratio under drought stress condition in bread wheat genotypes were studied, using eight parents (six lines and two cultivars) in a diallel crossing design in 2002. The 28 F1 hybrids and the eight parental genotypes were sown in a randomized complete block design with four replications in a research greenhouse. Results of the analysis of variance showed that differences between genotypes were significant for root dry matter and root: shoot dry matter in both normal and drought stress conditions. It was also observed that the majority of the genetic variance for root dry matter was due to additive gene action. Under normal conditions, the parents 7007-2 and Shahpasand had the highest general combining ability (GCA) for root dry matter trait and considered to be the best general combiner for root to shoot dry matter ratio under in both conditions. Results also indicates that, the over-dominant gene actions under stress condition were the most contributors to the inheritance of both traits. The lines 5593/2 and 524-4 had the maximum dominant genes and the minimum recessive genes, for both traits under drought stress respectively.

 
Keyword(s): WHEAT ROOT, COMBINING, GENE EFFECT, TOLERANCE, DROUGHT STRESS
 
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