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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES   SUMMER 2005 , Volume - , Number 45-46 (SPECIAL ISSUE ON PERSIAN LITERATURE); Page(s) 1 To 15.
 
Paper: 

NEOCLASSIC LITERATURE AND THE ENLIGHTENMENT

 
 
Author(s):  AHMAD ZADEH SH.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Reason is recognized as the main principle of the Enlightenment and that is why the eighteenth century is called the golden age of rational-religious thinking. In this period, we witness not only a change in the position of science but also a rational (in contrast to metaphysical) attitude toward nature. Neoclassic literature of England under the influence of the Enlightenment is a humanistic and moral literature as it concentrates on the social identity of individuals. Eighteenth century is also the great age of satire, humour, essay and treatise since these genres unlike poetry study man with reason rather than emotions. The novel as the product of this age like poetry and satire follows the moral attitude of the Enlightenment; it attempts to establish some ideal models in the context of social oppositions and conflicts.

 
Keyword(s): ENLIGHTENMENT, REASON, RATIONALISM, EMPIRICISM, NEOCLASSIC LITERATURE, SATIRE, MORALITY, D EALISM, BOURGEOISIE, NOBLE SAVAGE
 
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