Paper Information

Journal:   AUDITORY AND VESTIBULAR RESEARCH   2006-2007 , Volume 15 , Number 2 (26); Page(s) 53 To 60.
 
Paper:  THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A GROUP COUNSELING PROGRAM ON THE MENTAL HEALTH OF PARENTS OF HEARING IMPAIRED CHILDREN
 
Author(s):  FOROUGHAN M., MOVALALI G.*, SALIMI MAJID, MALAYERI S.A.
 
* UNIVERSITY OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND REHABILITATION SCIENCES
 
Abstract: 
Background and Aim: Most of the studies indicates that the parents of the hearing impaired children show many mental health problems after the diagnosis of their children's hearing impairment.
Counseling with the parents of the hearing impaired children is one of the most important goals of any early intervention program. This paper describes a study to determine the effectiveness of a group counseling programmed for parents of hearing impaired children.
Materials and Method: It was a semi-experimental study with a single group pretest-post test design. The participants were all the parents of hearing impaired children attending in an early intervention center. First the parents' mental health were assessed. Then the group counseling program was implemented. Program has involved six weekly 1.5 hour sessions. The format of each session included both lecture presentation and group discussion using cognitive behavioral procedure. Subjects were assessed before and immediately after group therapy by means of General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90) questionnaires.
Results: The first part of the project had shown that over the half of the parents had considerable psychosocial morbidity. Comparisons showed a significant reduction from pretreatment to post treatment in depression, anxiety and most of other psychological problems.
Conclusion: The study supports the effectiveness of group therapy programs in the treatment of parents of hearing impaired children. Concerning the progress of early detection programs for the children's hearing impairment more studies should be done in the field of counseling with their parents.
 
Keyword(s): HEARING-IMPAIRED CHILDREN, PARENTS, COUNSELLING, MENTAL HEALTH, GENERAL HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE, SYMPTOM CHECK LIST 90
 
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