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Paper Information

Journal:   AUDITORY AND VESTIBULAR RESEARCH   2006-2007 , Volume 15 , Number 2 (26); Page(s) 46 To 52.
 
Paper: 

A COMPARISON OF SELF-REPORTED HEARING HANDICAP AND AUDIOMETRIC THRESHOLDS IN NURSING HOME RESIDENTS

 
 
Author(s):  ROUHBAKHSH N.A.*, TATAR Z., ALIPOUR HEYDARI M.
 
* AUDIOLOGY DEPT. FACULTY OF REHABILITATION MEDICAL SCIENCES, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and Aim: Self-reported and questionnaire method for hearing impairment assessment allows us to study and to detect the invisible related issues, while they can not be done by traditional audiometry procedures. The purpose of this study is to compare measurement of hearing handicap using self-reported and staff version of NHHI and hearing thresholds in nursing home residents.
Materials and Method: The study participants were 43 individuals, 23 males and 20 females, aged 45-95 years. Pure tone average was calculated after conventional Pure tone audiometry. The self- and staff- reported questionnaire were also fulfilled.
Results: Nine (20.9%) individuals have normal hearing, 6 (14%) have slight, 10 (23.3%) mild, 7 (16.3%) moderate, 6 (16.3%) moderate to severe, 4 (9.3%) severe, and 1 (2.3%) profound hearing loss. Mean score of self and of staff reported versions were 32.22 % 2:29.31 and 32.67% 2:30.98, respectively.
According to Kruskal-wallis test, there was significant correlation between self-reported and hearing level and between staff-reported and hearing level. The Pierson coefficient variation test between self and staff-reported, and self-reported and hearing level, staff-reported and hearing level showed significant cancelation.
Conclusion: The NHHI self assessment associated with other equipments significantly improved the identification and assessment of adults and elderly hearing handicap in nursing home residents.
According to the study condition, it may be concluded that the self and staff version of NHHI questionnaire are significantly identical and can be used instead.

 
Keyword(s): NURSING HOME HEARING HANDICAP INDEX, SELF-ASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE, OTHER ASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE, HEARING LEVEL, NURSING HOME
 
References: 
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