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Paper Information

Journal:   DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY (JOURNAL OF IRANIAN PSYCHOLOGISTS)   WINTER 2007 , Volume 3 , Number 10; Page(s) 145 To 156.
 
Paper: 

THE ROLE OF SELF-KNOWLEDGE IN STRESS, DEFENSIVE STYLES, AND PHYSICAL HEALTH

 
 
Author(s):  SHAH MOHAMMADI KH., GHORBANI N.*, BESHARAT MOHAMMAD ALI
 
* TEHRAN UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

108 female and 69 male Iranian university students, during the stressful period of final exams, responded to the following scales: Integrative Self-Knowledge (Ghorbani, 1385), Mindfulness Attention Awareness (Brown & Ryan, 2003), Private Self-Consciousness (Fenigstein et al., 1975), Defense Styles (Andrews, et al.,1993), Perceived Stress (Cohen et al., 1983), Subjective Vitality (Ryan & Fedrick, 1997), Symptom and Illness (Watson & Pennebaker, 1989), and Symptom Checklist (Barton, 1995). The main hypothesis was that self-knowledge processes would be negatively correlated with illness and unhealthy defensive styles, where integrative self-knowledge plays the key role. Data showed that, among different self-knowledge pricesses, only integrative self-knowledge predicted illness, symptoms, vitality, and healthy defensive styles. In addition, integrative self-knowledge and internal state awareness predicted mature defensive styles and perceived stress. Minfulness was negatively related to the immature defensive styles.

 
Keyword(s): SELF-KNOWLEDGE PROCESSES, DEFENSIVE STYLES, VITALITY, SYMPTOMS ILLNESS, INTEGRATIVE SELF-KNOWLEDGE, MINDFULNESS, PRIVATE SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS, STRESS
 
References: 
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