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Paper Information

Journal:   DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY (JOURNAL OF IRANIAN PSYCHOLOGISTS)   WINTER 2007 , Volume 3 , Number 10; Page(s) 109 To 122.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF INSTRUCTION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF STRATEGIC ARITHMETIC COMPETENCY IN IRANIAN CHILDREN

 
 
Author(s):  NEMAT TAVOUSI MOHTARAM*
 
* ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, SOUTH TEHRAN BRANCH
 
Abstract: 

60 first graders were randomly selected from primary schools in Tehran, Iran. In the pre-test stage, Form A of the Individual Differences in Children's Addition Strategy Choices (Kerkman & Siegler, 1997) was administered to both experimental and control groups. Next, instructions of using min strategy were given to participants in the experimental group, but not in the control group. In the post-test stage, Form B of the same test was administered to both groups. Findings showed that instructions influenced the frequency of usage of min strategy in the experimental group. But in spite of, the two groups in retrieving the responses were not significantly different, the accuracy of backup and min strategy were greater in the experimental group than in the control group. Two groups were significantly different in the speed at which they executed the min strategy and the experimental group was faster than the control group.

 
Keyword(s): INSTRUCTION IN STRATEGY, PROBLEM-SOLVING STRATEGIES, STRATEGIC COMPETENCE, RETRIEVAL, BACKUP STRATEGY, MIN STRATEGY
 
References: 
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