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Paper Information

Journal:   PAJOUHESH-VA-SAZANDEGI   SUMMER 2007 , Volume 20 , Number 2 (75 IN AGRONOMY AND HORTICULTURE); Page(s) 113 To 126.
 
Paper: 

ECONOMIC INVESTIGATION OF THE POSSIBILITY OF USING NEW METHODS FOR WATER SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN AGRICULTURE: A CASE STUDY OF PISTACHIO PRODUCERS IN RAFSANJAN

 
 
Author(s):  ABD ELAHI EZATABADI M.*, JAVANSHAH A.A.
 
* IRAN’S PISTACHIO RESEARCH INSTITUTE (IPRI)
 
Abstract: 

Disequilibrium between supply of and demand for agricultural water in pistachio producing regions in most part of Iran, especially in Rafsanjan, is a critical problem. In spite of water scarcity, because of high value, water using in agriculture is enhancing. The results of this strategy are water over drafting and reducing ground water quality. For solving the problem, demand for water must be decreased and supply of water should be increased. In this study, new alternatives for supply of and demand for agricultural water were evaluated economically. The results showed that new methods in supply side such as using desalination plants and water conduction from Karoon River, and micro irrigation systems in demand side have not been accepted by farmers because of high costs. The remedies for this condition are: 1. Using appropriate rules and organizations, the cost of water harvesting in old methods should be increased. 2. Using suitable technology and following appropriate researches, the cost of water use in new methods should be decrease. 3. By introducing proper rules and organizations, decision making horizon and the period in which farmers feel water scarcity should be matched. And so, real water value should be considered as exchange criterion in buying and selling water.

 
Keyword(s): WATER SUPPLY AND DEMAND, PISTACHIO, RAFSANJAN, WATER DESALINATION PLANT, IRRIGATION SYSTEM
 
References: 
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