Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES   2005 , Volume 11 , Number 1 (SUPPLEMENT); Page(s) 105 To 119.
 
Paper: 

APPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY

 
 
Author(s):  HAMASI A.H.*
 
* WOOD & PAPER ENGINEERING DEPT., SCIENCE AND RESEARCH BRANCH, IAU
 
Abstract: 

A difficult period has globally begun for pulp and paper industry. The consumer standards are high and production is severely competitive. In some countries, the necessity for reducing production costs, has caused integration of the companies and their profitability has been affected and restricted by factors such as globalization, environmental concerns and competition. Pulp and paper production is a large capital – intensive industry where production capacity has a major role in it’s survival. On the other hand, paper consumption per capita is increasing in the world and so in Iran. To meet this demand, we need to find new methods for optimum and efficient usage of lignocellulosic resources with less environmental affects. Development of chemical conversion industries based on sustainable use of lignolellulosic resources of Iran can justify renewal of the existing pulp and paper industries and utilization of biotechnology as a strategic solution in midterm and long term. In this research the current problems of Iranian pulp and paper industries were identified and then some applications of different enzyms in pulp and paper production process, bleaching, fiber recovery and deinking, deposit removal, fiber property improvement and reduction of environmental pollutants were investigated.

 
Keyword(s): BIOTECHNOLOGY, ENZYME, PULP AND PAPER, BLEACHING, RECYCLING, DEINKING
 
References: 
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