Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF RANGE AND DESERT RESEARCH   2005 , Volume 12 , Number 3 (20); Page(s) 211 To 232.
 
Paper: 

INTRODUCING SOME ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HAMMADA SALICORNICA (MOQ.) IIJIN

 
 
Author(s):  TAVAKOLI HOSSEIN*, PARYAB A.A., GHADERI GH.R., DASHTI MAJID
 
* AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES RESEARCH CENTER OF KHORASAN PROVINCE
 
Abstract: 

It is necessary to recognize the ecological characteristics of dominant species in desert and arid ecosystems for plant conservation and sustainable utilization. In this study botanical and ecological characteristics such as root extension, phonological stages, distribution sites, habitate conditions, vegetation composition, plant regeneration and grazing of Hammada salicornica were considered H. salicornica is a perennial plant belonging to chenopodiaceae family in which distributed in vast areas in the south of Iran.
Hammada is a dwarf shrub with multiple stems and succulent leaves.
Generally the only main root extends vertically in fine soils. It grows in soil containing large amount of gypsum or lime with fine texture. Hammada is observed in many plant communities as dominant or accompanian species: It is distributed from about sea level up to 1800 meter of altitude in areas with annual rainfall between 60 to 300 mm. Phonologically, the growth starts in late winter and reaches to flowering and maturity in early and late autumn, respectively. The regeneration of plant is from seed in natural habitats. It is grazed by animals mainly in the end of growing season. In general this plant has a good perspective for using in desert reclamation.

 
Keyword(s): HAMMADA SALICORNICA, BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS, ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS
 
References: 
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