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Paper Information

Journal:   WATER AND WASTEWATER   WINTER 2007 , Volume 17 , Number 4 (60); Page(s) 41 To 54.
 
Paper: 

OPTIMUM DESIGN AND OPERATION OF CYCLIC STORAGE SYSTEMS; LUMPED APPROACH

 
 
Author(s):  OSTAD RAHIMI L., ARDESHIR A.A., AFSHAR ABAS*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF CIVILL ENGINEERING, IRAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
 
Abstract: 

Conjunctive use of surface and groundwater resources is a preferred approach in water resources management. Compared to dam construction, groundwater has certain advantages, among which are less costs, less sedimentation and evaporation, fewer water quality problems, and less social and cultural problems. To reduce the major problems associated with the development of large-scale surface impoundment systems, cyclic storage systems can be used as an alternative. A cyclic storage system (CYCS) is an integrated interactive system consisting of two subsystems of surface water storage (reservoir) and groundwater; this system together with artificial recharge is able to satisfy the predefined demands with rather high reliability. In order to optimize these systems, one must consider the hydraulic interactions between all the components, but unfortunately it has been neglected in many studies. In this article, a nonlinear optimization model for design and operation of cyclic storage systems has been developed using the lumped approach. In order to evaluate the model, its results have been compared with the results of a model in which distributed approach had been deployed, and so the efficiency of lumped models to solve the problems of cyclic storage systems has been investigated.

 
Keyword(s): CYCLIC STORAGE SYSTEMS, CONJUNCTIVE USE, GROUNDWATER, SURFACE WATER, LUMPED MODEL
 
References: 
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