Paper Information

Journal:   PAZHUHESH-DINI (RELIGIOUS STUDY)   FALL 2007 , Volume - , Number 15; Page(s) 87 To 110.
 
Paper: 

AUTHENTICITY OF THE CONSTITUTION OF MEDINA

 
Author(s):  BAYAT ALI, TAJ BAKHSH GHADRIYEH
 
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Abstract: 

After the immigration of Muslims to Medina, Ansar assisted Muhajirun and the problem of the latter’s settlement was solved in a very short time due to some arrangement made by the Prophet. But their peaceful life with polytheists and Jews was in need of more fundamental plans which were actualized through conclusion of general treaty of Medina. While researchers have spoken a lot concerning that treaty, some orientalists have doubted its authenticity. Having investigated the authenticity of the chain of transmitters of the treaty, the present essay searches into it through perspectives of outstanding historians, hadith narrators, and orientalists and thereby concludes that the treaty had in fact included two agreements: (a) General treaty of Madina between the prophet and Muslims on the one hand and polytheists and merely Jews allied with Aws and Khazraj on the other, and (b) treaty of the Prophet with three main tribes of Jews of Medina i.e. Banu Qaynaqa', Banu Nadir, and Banu Quraydha called “agreement of Jews” – both being concluded at the beginning days of entrance of the Prophet to Medina. It seems that the application of the term Jews in a general way in the first treaty has caused the confusion and insertion of the second one into it.

 
Keyword(s): GENERAL TREATY OF MEDINA, MEDINA, AGREEMENT OF JEWS, NARRATIONS OF IBN ISHAQ, ABU UBAYDA, AND TABRISI
 
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