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Paper Information

Journal:   MODARRES HUMAN SCIENCES   FALL 2006 , Volume 10 , Number (TOM 48) GEOGRAPHY; Page(s) 1 To 28.
 
Paper: 

ROLE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE IN URBAN PLANNING: TEHRAN METRO

 
 
Author(s):  ESMAEILZADEH H.*, SARAFI MOZAFAR
 
* SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Generally, planning theories are divided in two sections: first, they study process of planning (procedural planning), second, they study product of planning (substantive planning). This article attempted to study the procedural planning in the metro project of Tehran metropolis. Namely, steps of decision- making and planning, and their effects on the project implementation were studied in this project. In this regard, the role of good governance including participation, responsibility, citizenship, transparency, efficiency, rule of law and etc. was studied along with the role of people and interaction of government, people and public sector in planning process. The manner of good governance that has been brought up in 1980s is a process that the government, people and public sectors interact with each other. Nowadays, this manner is the only way in deliverance of poverty and undeveloped conditions in the international associations and local management assemblies are obliged to implement it, because it is the most effective, economic and the most sustainable management way that may lead to regional and then national development.
Thus, first generalities were presented about the history of metro (time and cause of metro bring up, designers and partners in planning and execution of this project), then an interview was carried out with the Tehran metro authorities and residents of one of the metro stations (Imam- Khomeini station), regarding the people’s participation and contribution to the project and following the good governance principles by the metro authorities. Then, the collected information was analyzed using descriptive- analytical approach and SPSS software. The results showed that planning in this project was based on top - down planning and not bottom – up planning, because people didn’t have any specific role in the planning and execution of this project due to the (bureaucratic system and top - down planning), and that principles of good governance have not been considered.
Undoable, this condition will cause undesirable effects. If metro authorities do not pay enough attention for citizenship rights, people will no more contribute to the project, and this condition will finally create obstacles on the regional and national development projects.

 
Keyword(s): URBAN PLANNING, GOOD GOVERNANCE, CITY REGION, METRO, TEHRAN
 
References: 
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