Paper Information

Journal:   MODARRES HUMAN SCIENCES   FALL 2006 , Volume 10 , Number (TOM 48) GEOGRAPHY; Page(s) 81 To 102.
 
Paper:  SPECIALIZATION OF CULTIVATION PATTERN AND ITS ROLE IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT: STRAWBERRY CULTIVATION IN JAVARUD REGION OF MARIVAN
 
Author(s):  RAHMANI DARYOUSH*, TAHER KHANI MAHDI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY, TARBIAT MODARES UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 
Fundamental changes have been taken place in production systems such as agriculture production systems, by the emergence of industrial revolution and technological improvements. Instead of traditional methods based on subsistence economy or limited production for living or area, production systems based on products have been developed for competition and profit in the national and world markets. However, farmers use diversity cultivation as a balancing factor, in order to prevent unsustainable costs and product markets. The diversity cultivation method results in product dispersion, reduced income and unsustainable exploitation of land and water. Instead of diversity cultivation method, one of the best methods for rural regions development is specialization of cultivation pattern through paying attention to every region's characteristics and relative advantages.
In this research, we studied and assessed specialization of strawberry cultivation pattern and its role in the rural region development especially in Javarud region of Kurdistan province. Eighty one (81) percent of the whole production of strawberry in Iran belongs to Kurdistan province. There fore, we selected 178 samples from the population by Cochran formula after a survey of the production methods, cultivation patterns and effective processes in improvement of strawberry cultivation pattern the outcome data resulting from the questionnaire were coded and analyzed. Using SPSS software by rank-order Wilcox on test in two intervals, before and after specialization cultivation. We estimated favorable indexes of the hypothesizes using these results and the research field findings. Research findings showed that the indexes of rural regions development significantly improved after the introduction and implementation of strawberry cultivation project.
 
Keyword(s): CULTIVATION PATTERN, SPECIALIZATION, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, KURDISTAN
 
References: 
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