Click for new scientific resources and news about Corona[COVID-19]

Paper Information

Journal:   GEOSCIENCES   WINTER 2007 , Volume 16 , Number 62; Page(s) 166 To 175.
 
Paper: 

PALEOPRODUCTIVITY OF THE GURPI FORMATION AT ITS TYPE SECTION

 
 
Author(s):  GHASEMINEZHAD E., ZAREEI E.
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

The type section of the Gurpi Formation which is located in Anbar-e-Sefid Valley near to Lali town is about 182 mthick and consists of calcareous shales and black shales. The formation lies by an erosional disconformity on Ilam Formation and turns gradually to the purple shales of the overlying Pabdeh Formation. The Gurpi Formation was dated the late Campanianto late Paleocene based on the presence of foraminifer species Globotruncana calcarata and dinocyst species Odontochitina porifera in the lowermost parts and foraminifer species Morozovella velascoensis in the uppermost parts of the section. The Cretaceous I Tertiary boundary (KTB) is located some 57 meters below the Gurpi and Pabdeh contact within the blackshales of the Gurpi Formation.
In order to study paleoproductivity of the Gurpi Formation, the authors examined many different factors includingchangesin ratio of Peridinioid to Gonyaulacoid (P/G) dinotlagellate cysts.
Peridinioid dinocysts are stenotopic forms and usuallyused for this purpose but one has to determine whether their absence in sediments is because of original absence during depositional period or because of bad preservation and destruction after their production and during depositional period. Thus factors related to state of preservation of the organic matters including "lability" and ratio of structureless organic matter (SOM) to marine palynomorphs were calculated for the samples throughout the stratigraphic column. In addition four different indices were also calculated for pale productivity condition including ratio of Peridinioid to  Gonyaulacoid (P/G) dinocysts, ratio of dinocysts indices for outer neritic to those of inner neritic, ratio of terrestrial to marine elements (T/M), and ratio of planktonic to benthonic foraminifera. Based on the se factors three biofacies and two subfacies were recognized and differentiated. Facies (I) is marked by the low state of preservation of organic residue, low lability and a relatively high ratio of SOM to marine elements. The ratio of Planktonic to benthonic (P/B) is relatively high, abundance of deep-water benthonic foraminifera and dinocysts indices for outer neritics such as Impagidinium. Absence of peridinioids is more probably because of their bad state of preservation. In biofacies II preservation of organic matter is much better (higher lability, and low ratio of SOM to marine palynomorphs). Altogether production of organic matter is much higher in this facies. In biofacies III presence of cold-water foraminifera and dinoflagellate cysts indicate presence of cold-water currents at the beginning of Paleocene. Presence of phosphates and glauconites and abundance of ecological generalist foraminifera indicate that the absence of the Peridinioid dinocysts is related to reduction in temperature and lack of suitable condition for their propagation.

 
Keyword(s): GURPI FORMATION, PALEOPRODUCTIVITY, FORAMINIFERA, ORGANIC MATTERS, BIOFACIES
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 76
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog