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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH   2008 , Volume 62 , Number 6; Page(s) 329 To 332.
 
Paper: 

RABIES IN THE COURSE OF IRANIAN HISTORY

 
 
Author(s):  TAJBAKHSH H.*
 
* DISTINGUISHED PROFESSOR OF FACULTY OF VETERINARY MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

On the rabies and a rabid dog, Iranian physicians have said and written much and they have introduced their innovations now and then. Kharazmi in his Mafatih al-Olum (Keys to Sciences, written in 980 A.D.), writes on rabid dog: "A mad dog is called a rabid dog which bites, avoids eating and fears water and dies in deep thirst. If such a dog bites a human being, he will be inflicted with a dangerous disease which makes him fear water (Hydrophobia). Rhazes says: "It does not recognize its owner, and attacks whatever on his way. Its mouth is always open with its tong hanging out. Eyes are red and other dogs run from it." (Al-Havi). Avicenna, Jorjani, Youssef ibn Muhammad Heravi and other grand physicians of Iran have written intresting points about the symptoms, incubation period and treatment of rabies in man and dog, differences between a rabid dog and a biting dog, rabies in wild beasts, and the like. Avicenna wrote in canon: "It is said and approved by many physicians that the liver of a rabid dog if is kept on the wound of the bitten person will be helpful". Also he said clearly: "The blood of the rabid dog is antitoxin for rabies." This is a kind of serotherapy or vaccination. The liver of a rabid dog contains various antibodies against rabies, and if it is applied to a recent bite wound, some antibodies may enter the wound. Therefore, the procedure might conceivably be effective in preventing rabies. This is a matter of serotherapy and immunology that was introduced more than 900 years ago.

 
Keyword(s): RABIES, RABIES IN HISTORY OF IRAN, MEDREAL HISTORY, RABIES HISTORY
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 81
 
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