Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY   2006 , Volume - , Number 3 (38); Page(s) 7 To 12.
 
Paper: 

OPTIMIZATION OF SHADOW CONE LENGTH AND MASS FOR DETERMINING THE AMOUNT OF SCATTERED RADIATION DOSE IN THE CALIBRATION LABORATORY OF AM/BE NEUTRON SOURCE

 
 
Author(s):  RAEIS ALI GH.R.*, HAMIDI SAEID, HALAJFARD E., SHAHVAR A., HAJILOU NAHID
 
* AGRICULTURAL, MEDICAL AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH SCHOOL, NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, AEOI, KARAJ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The shadow cone technique is one of the methods which is used for determining the contribution of scattered particles on the response of neutron detectors. This technique is used for neutron field calibration in Agriculture, Medicine and Industry Research School (AMIRS). In this investigation, we have designed and constructed an optimized shadow cone. According to the calculated neutron dose equivalent attenuation factors, a cone with 20 cm of iron and 30 cm of polyethylene has been found as optimum. For this cone, the neutron dose equivalent attenuation factor for 241Am/Be neutron source. Is 0.00035 for which the contribution of scattered neutrons in AMIRS neutron calibration laboratory according to the calculation and measurement results, can be evaluated with less than 0.5% of error.

 
Keyword(s): SHADOW CONE, OPTIMIZATION, AM/BE NEUTRON SOURCE, CALIBRATION, MONTE CARLO METHOD, ATTENUATION FACTOR, SCATTERING
 
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