Paper Information

Journal:   IRAN JOURNAL OF NURSING (IJN)   SUMMER 2007 , Volume 20 , Number 50; Page(s) 83 To 92.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF COMMUNITY-BASED DISTRIBUTION ON APPROPRIATE CHOICES AND MAINTENANCE OF USING CONTRACEPTION METHODS IN HAMEDAN

 
Author(s):  GHODSI SEYEDEH ZAHRA*, JAHAN FAR SH., SHAHPOURIAN F., JAMSHIDI R.A.
 
* TOYSERKAN AZAD UNIVERSITY, TOYSERKAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction and Aim: Uncontrolled incremental trend of population growth is the basic problem in developing countries. Establishing family planning programs at an extensive level in these countries increases economical, social, and cultural advantages and decreases maternal and fetal mortality. One of the methods of implementing these programs is community-based distribution. CBD can effectively deliver family planning services at home. CBD facilitates family access to family planning methods that culminate in appropriate choices and continuity of using contraception methods. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of community based distribution on appropriate choices and continuity of using contraception methods among Hamedan households.
Materials & Methods: This study is part of a larger study conducted by controlled field trial design. Using a multi-staged method, the researchers chose 297 subjects and divided them into two groups, control (n=100) and experimental (n=197). The setting of the study was Hamedan households covered by field workers. Data collection tools were two questionnaires, three checklists, and one referral card. To determine the scientific validity of the tools, the researchers used the content validity method. The scientific reliability of the tools was determined through conducting the retrial method in a random sample of ten subjects.
Results: The findings revealed that through delivering family planning services at home, appropriate choices and continuity of using contraception methods were increased (p=0.001).
Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study, CBD led to appropriate choices and continuity of using contraception methods. Therefore, application of this kind of services is recommended. Also, the study of the effect of delivering this kind of services at villages, deserted places, different tribes, and its economic aspects are recommended.

 
Keyword(s): PREGNANCY, CONTRACEPTION-METHODS, PREVENTIVE HEALTH, HEALTH SERVICES, COMMUNITY-BASED, HAMEDAN
 
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