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Paper Information

Journal:   PIZHUHISH-I ZABAN VA ADABIYYAT-I FARSI   SPRING-SUMMER 2007 , Volume - , Number 8; Page(s) 69 To 85.
 
Paper: 

THE ANALYSIS OF SIAVASH'S STORY BASED ON YUNG'S THEORIES

 
 
Author(s):  EGHBALI EBRAHIM*, GHAMARI GIVI H., MORADI SAKINEH
 
* TABRIZ UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

The deep researches of Carl Gustav Yung in the field of myths and his findings has turned into a basic working material for many of the critics in the study and survey of literary works. In the present research, Ferdowsi's Shah-Nameh, especially the story of Siavash- as a great series of the Iranian historical and mythological narratives in ancient times- was studied. This story was evaluated within the framework of Yung's process of individuality, and also the archetypes of "self", the hero, shadow, persona, the old wise man, oneself, reactions, and the function of the heroes and the characters in Siavash's story. Then the manifestation of each single archetype was defined as a major issue in this research. At the same time the presence of archetypes such as Anima, Animus, Mother, Mandela, Manna and Rebirth are also of notice in here.
The method of research in this study is based on the analysis of content. The results of this study show that Afrasiab stands for the archetype of shadow, while Rustam stands for the archetype of hero, and Afrasiab's interpreter expresses the archetype of the old wise man. Also the archetype of the self is manifested in Keykhosrow's character. Still the ascent of Keykhosrow and Siavash's death are examples of death and rebirth in the Shah-Nameh.
The repetition of these themes in the three mythological, heroic and historical sections of the Shah-Nameh show the harmony and integration among these three parts in the method of expressing the archetypes, while it expresses this point that the major theme of the archetypes appears constantly; yet in various shapes and forms.

 
Keyword(s): SIAVASH, SHAH-NAMEH, ARCHETYPE, YUNG
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 126
 
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