Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANTS   SEPTEMBER 2007 , Volume 6 , Number 23; Page(s) 29 To 39.
 
Paper: 

INHIBITORY EFFECTS OF THYMOQUINONE, THE MAJOR COMPONENT OF NIGELLA SATIVA L. SEEDS, ON SPONTANEOUS AND EVOKED CONTRACTIONS OF GUINEA PIG ISOLATED ILEUM

 
Author(s):  PARVARDEH S.*, FATEHI M.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOLOGY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, AHWAZ JUNDISHAPOUR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, AHWAZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: It has been recently shown that essential oil of Nigella sativa seeds and its major constituent, thymoquinone (TQ), possess relaxant activity on isolated trachea and ileum. Several mechanisms have been suggested to explain the smooth muscle relaxant effects of the essential oil of Nigella sativa seeds. But, only in one study, it has been shown that TQ exerts its relaxant activity probably through the inhibition of histaminergic and serotonergic receptors.
Objective: This study was carried out in order to further evaluating the mechanism(s) of muscle relaxant activity of TQ.
Methods: Tension recording technique using an isometric transducer connected to a physiograph in an organ bath set up was used. The spontaneous contractions of isolated ileum and contractile responses evoked by acetylcholine (ACh), histamine (His), potassium chloride (KCl), and repetitive electrical field stimulation (EFS), were recorded. ACh (10
mM), His (100 mM), KCl (10 mM), and EFS (20 Hz, 0.2 ms, 130 V), were applied before and after adding TQ (10, 20, 40, 80, 100 mM). Moreover, in order to evaluate the role of Ca2+-channels in TQ-induced relaxation of ileum, the amplitude of contractions evoked by EFS were recorded in the presence and absence of TQ (80 mM), in Ca2+-free Krebs solution, as well as following adding of cumulative concentrations of CaCl2 (0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 1, 2 mM).
Results: The results showed that TQ at the minimum concentration of 20
mM decreased the amplitude of spontaneous contractility (p<0.01) and His- and EFS- evoked contractions (p<0.05). Also, the amplitude of ACh- and KCl - evoked contractions were decreased by TQ at the minimum concentration of 40 mM (p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively). The maximum inhibitory effects of TQ against ileum contractility were achieved by the concentration of 100mM. Furthermore, the cumulative concentrations of CaCl2 in the presence of TQ (80 mM), failed to increase the amplitude of contractions induced by EFS, which were suppressed in Ca2+-free medium.
Conclusion: These findings indicated that TQ possesses inhibitory effects on contractility of guinea pig isolated ileum, and that effects may be responsible for the smooth muscle relaxant activity of Nigella sativa seeds. The mechanism by which TQ relaxes ileum contractility was exerted, at least in part, through an antagonistic activity on calcium channels in guinea pig ileum smooth muscle cells.

 
Keyword(s): THYMOQUINONE, CALCIUM CHANNELS, GUINEA PIG ILEUM, TENSION RECORDING
 
References: 
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