Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MOVEMENT SCIENCE & SPORTS   WINTER 2006 , Volume 3 , Number 6; Page(s) 151 To 171.
 
Paper: 

SPORT FOR ALL IN IRAN AND COMPARING WITH SOME SELECTED COUNTRIES

 
 
Author(s):  MOZAFARI S.A.A., GHARAH M.A.
 
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Abstract: 
Sport for all have been considered important by many countries since 1900, for different reasons which includes: physically and mentally good health, right using of leisure time, developing social relationship, going far from the machinery life, returning to nature and, increasing efficiency in work and life. Sport for all started in our country since 1358 under the title of local sport and it become official in 1362 under the title of jahad physical education. Developing and promoting it, was assigned as the first and major duty for all sport organizations in Islamic Republic of Iran, but no comprehensive research about status of sport for all has been done yet, because of great tendency of physical education managers to competitive sports. For this reason, this descriptive research had been done to study the status of sport for all. The instruments to collect data in this research includes two separated questionnaires for women and men directors of sport for all which were sent to physical education offices in 28 provinces.21 provinces returned the completed questionnaires, and they analyzed by using descriptive and inferiential statistics. The variables included age, degree of education, major profession, sport background, background of directors, the number of coaches and referees, sport facilities, the budget and the number of participants in sport for all and etc. The finding shows that director of sport for all, men and women, spend 21 and 16 hours per week respectively in the offices of sport for all. 42% of coaches and 49% of referees in sport for all had diploma or under it. The total number of participants in sport for all (men and women) was 5.92% of the whole population. By comparing Iran with 23 countries and by considering the time of organizing for an official department for sport for all, Iran stands at the last position in the world. The percentage of participants in sport for all in Iran was more than Africa and less than the other continents. Sport for all Federation allocated 48462 and 12640 Rials per capita. For men and women, respectively in the year 1383, and 99% of sport for all offices (men and women) did not have any research about sport for all and 88% of sport for all directors didn’t give any lectures for increasing awareness of people, either the degree of education of 65% of sport for all directors was less than Master degree.
 
Keyword(s): SPORT FOR ALL, MANAGEMENT STATUS, HUMAN FORCE STATUS, CONDITION STATUS, BUDGET
 
References: 
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