Paper Information

Journal:   PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION RESEARCH (NAMAH-I HIKMAT)   FALL 2005- WINTER 2006 , Volume 3 , Number 6; Page(s) 129 To 163.
 
Paper: 

THE ANALYSIS OF PASCAL'S WAGER WITH EMPHASIS ON THE DECISION-MAKING THEORY

 
 
Author(s):  KHOSRAVI FARSANI A.*, AKBARI REZA
 
* 
 
Abstract: 

One of the arguments for proving God’s existence and the intelligibility of religious beliefs is that which is known as Pascal’s Wager. According to this highly disputable argument, in the absence of sufficient theoretical and rational evidence for proving God’s existence, the only intelligible and cautious option is belief in God, the afterlife, and shaping our lives thereon. A prudent and expedient mind necessitates the consideration of God and the justification of religious beliefs when it comes to decision-making and practice.
This argument is polished by the decision-making theory and by considering discourses on “rules of probability”, “expected utility” and “ risk-taking”, and had led to four new expositions: the argument from dominance, argument from expected utility, argument from dominating expected utility, and argument from strong dominance.

 
Keyword(s): PASCAL’S WAGER, PROBABILITY OF GOD’S EXISTENCE, THEISM, RATIONALITY OF RELIGIOUS BELIEF, DECISION-MAKING THEORY, EXPECTED UTILITY
 
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