Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (PERSIAN)   APRIL-MAY 2008 , Volume 21 , Number 1 (ISSUE NO. 93); Page(s) 9 To 18.
 
Paper: 

STRUCTURAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF FILAMENT YARNS MELT-SPUN FROM PP/LDPE BLEND BEFORE AND AFTER FALSE-TWIST TEXTURING

 
 
Author(s):  MEHRABLI B., MOUSAVI SHOUSHTARI S.A.*, MOHADES MOJTAHEDI M.R., KHOSROU SHAHI ALI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF TEXTILE ENGINEERING, AMIRKABIR UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Nowadays, polymer blends usages increase more and more in order to produce materials with better properties. According to many research works, the blends of polyolefins have shown industrial importance. The purpose of this project was to carry out some investigations on fibers melt spun from the polypropylene and low density polyethylene blends. PP and LDPE are immiscible. PP/LDPE blend filament yarns with the blend ratios of 100/0, 99/1, 97/3, 95/5, 93/7, 90/10 were produced by the melt spinning process. Microstructure (density, DSC, birefringence) and physical properties (tenacity, breaking elongation, initial modulus and shrinkage of samples) were measured and compared. The results showed that presence of LDPE in blend samples does not influence the density and crystallinity of PP. However, increasing the fraction of LDPE in blend samples also increases the shrinkage of drawn yarns. The tenacity of as-spun and drawn yarns displayed a downward trend by increasing the LDPE in blend. But the breaking elongation presented an upward trend. Tensile properties of textured yarns spun from PP/LDPE blends were higher than those of pure PP at all applied texturing temperatures (apart from 150ŒC). Increasing the texturing temperature resulted in the increasing of crimp properties. However, the rate of increase is lower when the fraction of LDPE is higher.

 
Keyword(s): POLYPROPYLENE, LOW DENSITY POLYETHYLENE, BLEND, FILAMENT YARN, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, TEXTURED YARN
 
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