Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES OF SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY   SUMMER 2006 , Volume 24 , Number 2 (47); Page(s) 75 To 94.
 
Paper: 

THE ROLE OF YOUTH MOVEMENT ON TRANSITION TO DEMOCRACY IN IRAN (1971-2001)

 
 
Author(s):  GHAFARI MASOUD, GHASEMI A.A.
 
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Abstract: 

Demographic shifts, including an unprecedented population explosion and rapid urbanization. in the past three decades, have had a significant impact on Iran's sociopolitical developments. In particular, these shifts have facilitated the emergence of the urban youth as a highly influential socioeconomic force. Popular democratic aspirations have manifested themselves in two important events- the 1978-79 Islamic Revolution and the triumph of the reform camp in the 1997 presidential elections (known as the 2ndKhordad Movement). This article probes the role of Iran's urban youth in the democratic transition of the last three decades by comparing a number of democratic indexes before and after these major events.

 
Keyword(s): URBAN YOUTH MOVEMENT, DEMOCRATIZATION, ISLAMIC REVOLUTION, 2ND KHORDAD MOVEMENT, FREEDOM OF – SPEECH, POLITICAL COMPETITION AND PARTICIPATION
 
References: 
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