Paper Information

Journal:   GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH   SPRING 2007 , Volume 22 , Number 1 (84); Page(s) 3 To 28.
 
Paper: 

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEMPERATURE, SUNLIGHT HOURS AND LENGTH OF THE DAY AND ATTEMPTED SUICIDE BY DRUGS IN ISFAHAN

 
 
Author(s):  KHOUSHHAL DASTJERDI J., ARMAN S., ZAHED GH.
 
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Abstract: 
Attempted suicide is a psychiatric emergency, which usually involves young and healthy people. One of the most important roles of health care professionals is to prevent suicide. This study was designed to determine the relationship between the temperature, sunlight hours and length of the day on the one band, and attempted suicide by drugs on the other hand.
This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in Isfahan in the year 2005. At first, the patients' files in poisoning ward of 'Noor' hospital from the year 1999 till 2004 which included 13384 files were reviewed and organized according to age, gender and date of suicide. Then, the needed climatic information consisting of sunlight hours, minimum, maximum and mean of temperature and duration of day were obtained from Isfahan Synoptic Station. This information was analyzed by the SPSS software.
The results show a positive correlation between the number of daily, monthly, yearly and seasonal attempted suicides and temperature (minimum, maximum, mean temperature), sunlight hours and duration of the day (P=0.001). Attempted suicide was most prevalent in 10th of Tir, the first week of Tir, the first half of Tir, the month of Tir and the season of summer. The least prevalence of attempted suicide belonged to 8th of Farvardin third week of Farvardin, second half of Farvardin, the month of Azar and the season of autumn. No significant difference was observed between the temperature variable and age and sex of patients with attempted suicide. The role of climatic changes in attempted suicide by drugs must be considered in evaluating patients. Some preventative measures are recommended for such patients.
 
Keyword(s): ATTEMPTED SUICIDE, TEMPERATURE, SUNLIGHT HOURS, DURATION OF DAY
 
References: 
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