Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY   FALL 2006 , Volume 13 , Number 3; Page(s) 53 To 80.
 
Paper: 

IDENTIFICATION AND COMPARISON OF GENDER TYPES OF EMPLOYED WOMEN AND THEIR SPOUSES ON MENTAL HEALTH, MARITAL SATISFACTION AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

 
 
Author(s):  MEHRABIZADEH HONARMAND M., ALI AKBARI DEHKORDI M., NAJARIAN B., SHOKRKON H., SHEHNI YEYLAGH M.
 
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Abstract: 

The purpose of this study was to identify the nine gender types among Ahvaz employed women and their husbands. The study also sought to compare the nine groups of gender types of employed couples with respect to their mental health, marital satisfaction and emotional intelligence. The sample consisted of 824 employed women and their husbands (N=1648) randomly selected from the population of employed women in Ahvaz. The instruments used for data collection were Sex-Role Inventory' (Bern, 1981), "Family Assessment Device-I" (Najarian, 1995). "Mental Health Questionnaire' (Goldberg, 1972), and 'Emotional Intelligence Inventory' (Petrides & Furnham, 2000). Results showed significant differences among the frequencies of androgynous, feminine and masculine genders among the employed women and their husbands. Also, significant differences were observed among the frequencies of the nine combinational groups of gender types. Data analysis further revealed that there are no significant differences among the nine groups regarding their mental health but there are significant differences among nine groups regarding their marital satisfaction and emotional intelligence. Results of a Scheffe test showed that marital satisfaction of the masculine couples was significantly higher than the other groups. In addition, a Scheffe test showed that emotional intelligence of androgynous couples were significantly higher than the other groups.

 
Keyword(s): GENDER TYPE, ANDROGYNY, FEMININITY, MASCULINITY, COUPLES, EMPLOYED WOMEN, MENTAL HEALTH, MARITAL SATISFACTION, EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
 
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