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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY (ISA)   FALL 2006 , Volume 7 , Number 3; Page(s) 76 To 93.
 
Paper: 

SECULARISM AND HIGHER EDUCATION PETER BERGER'S IDEAS RE-VISITED

 
 
Author(s):  NAYEBI H., AZAD ARMAKI T.
 
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Abstract: 

This paper initially describes Peter L. Berger's secularization theory which claims that modernization necessarily leads to downfall of religion in contemporary societies. The paper then discusses Berger's de-secularization theory which emerges as a complete revision of his earlier thoughts. Such revision maintains that the contemporary world is as religious as the world preceding it, although acknowledging that pluralism has somewhat weakened once-held firm beliefs. Learning science (higher education) like pluralism and as a secularized worldview may produce secularized individuals. Then, drawing on testable hypotheses, the paper examines the empirical validity of Berger's ideas as applied to Iran.

 
Keyword(s): RELIGION, SECULARIZATION, DE-SECULARIZATION, MODERNIZATION, PLURALISM, HIGHER EDUCATION
 
References: 
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