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Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA   SUMMER 2007 , Volume - , Number 30; Page(s) 63 To 71.


Author(s):  EGHBALI S.R.*

Deconstruction can be considered now as an integrated part of architectural theory, practice and history. It was over 20 years since Derrida's first books were published and his ideas and thoughts have started to trace in architectural discourse. Then, for about a decade from late 1980s to late 1990s, it was full of enthusiasm for deconstruction as a theoretical/practical approach to architecture. This Paper is concerned with the role and influence of deconstruction in contemporary architecture together with the study of deconstructivism and its roots in philosophy, art and architecture. An overview on 20th century major architectural theories shows that the effective life time of theories have been diminished from 40 years of Modernism to 20 years of Post modernism and 10 years of Deconstructivism. Nevertheless, this reduction of duration does not indicate the less importance of the shorter life time theories but indicates the acceleration of changes in architectural beliefs through the time. It should be noted that deconstruction was introduced to Iran contemporary architecture with a delay in early 1990s from a different pathway and process comparing its origin in the west. However it is not a focal point of this paper but it is required to be discussed in another article on deconstruction relation to Iran contemporary architecture. The fact that there is an undoubted link between deconstruction and deconstructivism requires a deep understanding of deconstruction itself if there would be any itself within deconstruction. It is difficult to define deconstruction with the words of western metaphysics because it is the same thing that is under the sharp criticism of deconstruction. Meanwhile, certain definitions of deconstruction are presented with reference to Jacques Derrida and others including Barbara Johnson, John D. Capputo and Paul Ricoeur. It is followed by a precise and brief discussion on the very idea of deconstruction focusing on the metaphysics of presence and its pivotal theme namely logo centrism. Following an overview on Deconstruction in art and architecture the roots and background of Deconstructivism are studied and the relevant samples to visual arts and architecture are identified. Certain art and architecture movements and/or styles of 1910s and 1920s including Dadaism, De stijl and Constructivism should be considered in genealogy of deconstructivism. It should be also noted that there is a difference between deconstruction and deconstructivism i.e. the difference between a philosophical/critical sort of thinking and a kind of architectural style. Deconstructivism has been acknowledged as an architectural style from 1988 especially after the Deconstructivist Architecture exhibition at the Museum of Modem Art in New York and the relevant debates on the term of deconstructivist. Deconstructivism was a call for a new approach to architecture for exploring different responses for may say old architectural questions without denying the values of the past, not for the future but to apply at the present. Although the period of enthusiastic approach to deconstructivism is terminated, but deconstructive thinking about architecture is still going on. At the end of the paper, a brief conclusion is followed by the notes are referred within the text and the complete references are included.

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