Paper Information

Journal:   PAJOUHESH DAR PEZESHKI   FALL 2007 , Volume 31 , Number 3; Page(s) 273 To 278.
 
Paper: 

SURVEYING THE FREQUENCY OF MENTAL DISORDERS AMONG SUBSTANCE USERS REFERRED TO TWO CENTERS IN TEHRAN

 
 
Author(s):  ZAHIR ALDIN A.R.*, SEYF ELAHI M., IRAN POUR CH.
 
* BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE RESEARCH CENTER, SHAHID BEHESHTI MEDICAL UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Background: This study was conducted with the aim of determining the frequency of mental disorders, (Depression, Anxiety, Aggression, somatization, and Interpersonal relation-ships), between substance users referred to two centers in Tehran affiliated to the Welfare and Rehabilitation Organization of Iran.
Materials and methods: Study design was cross-sectional. A demographic questionnaire and SCL- 90-R checklist were utilized by researchers who used 5 scales from nine scales of the checklist for testing the psychological status of the patients. Subjects were selected from individuals who came to the centers for treatment and rehabilitation.
Results: This research on 370 substance abusers indicated that mental disorders are present between most subjects regardless of age, education, length of dependency, kind of drug, and family history. Also x2 test suggested a significant difference in somatization with age, (p<0.03), and in Depression with the level of education, (p<0.06).
Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that there is an increased prevalence of psychiatric symptoms in younger users, low level of education, and subjects who have abused drugs for more than two years.

 
Keyword(s): SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCY, DRUGS, MENTAL DISORDERS
 
References: 
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