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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY   WINTER 2008 , Volume 13 , Number 4 (51); Page(s) 385 To 392.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECTS OF EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS ON GOAL ACHIEVEMENT IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

 
 
Author(s):  SEPEHRI SAFOURA*, LATIFIAN MORTEZA
 
* FACULTY OF PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY, EVIN, TEHRAN, IRAN, IR
 
Abstract: 

Objectives: Since epistemological beliefs can be the basis for description of important educational issues such as goals of educational improvement, this research examined the effect of epistemological beliefs on goal achievement.
Method: In a prospective study, epistemological beliefs and improvement goals were evaluated based on Schommer’s theory and Elliot and McGregor’s pattern of achievement goals respectively. Subjects consisted of 387 students (234 female, 153 male) from different fields of study in the University of Shiraz, who were selected using randomized cluster sampling and then evaluated with Epistemological Beliefs Questionnaire and Achievement Goal Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using simultaneous multiple regression method.
Results: Belief in quick learning (p<0.001) was negatively associated with mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance and performance-approach goals. Belief in certain knowledge was positively associated with mastery-avoidance goal (p<0.05). Also, belief in fixed ability was positively associated with performance-approach and performance-avoidance goals (p<0.05). Finally, belief in simple knowledge was positively associated with performance-avoidance (p<0.01). 
Conclusion: The epistemological beliefs of students have significant effects on their improvement goals.

 
Keyword(s): EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS, IMPROVEMENT GOALS, STUDENTS
 
References: 
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