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Paper Information

Journal:   LITERARY RESEARCH   SUMMER 2007 , Volume 4 , Number 16; Page(s) 239 To 269.
 
Paper: 

MOLAVI'S INTERPRETATIONS OF FABLES (AN ANALYSIS OF 53 FABLES AND THEIR INTERPRETATIONS IN THE MASNAVI)

 
 
Author(s):  NABILOU CHEHRAGHANI A.R.*
 
* 
 
Abstract: 
This article is concerned with Molavi's aim in telling fables and shows his special interpretations there. Over 50 tales in the Masnavi draw on animals, and Molavi has used some 38 types of animals in the interpretation of his thoughts and ideas including birds, beasts, domestic animals, sea creatures, insects, etc. Donkey has the highest frequency of occurrence in 7 stories, while lion, cow and dog have the most frequent recursion in 5 stories each. Of the 38 animal characters, 31.5 percent are birds, 39.5 percent are beasts, 16 percent are domestic animals, 8 percent are sea creatures, and 5 percent are insects.
Through the decoding of symbols in these tales, some 76 interpretations are retrieved, most of which are concerned with God, perfect man, and worldly man, as well as his bad personality traits. Most of these interpretations end with valuable notions, such as the story of man's soul, death, the hereafter, and the resurrection, the story of God and the prophets and their opponents, the supremacy of inner senses over outer senses, the divine support for God's good worshippers; the rituals of praying, a comparison of mystics and those fond of appearances, and dozens more great notions. In his interpretation of these stories, Molavi explains profound mystical ideas and complex notions of human knowledge. In many cases, these notions and interpretations somehow replace the story, and then Molavi goes back to the story saying over and over again that the tales and allegories fall short of reflecting those profound notions, he shows a sense of pity at these devices' failure to capture those ideas. This study classifies the animals named in the Masnavi as well as Molavi's own interpretation of them, plus their frequency of occurrence. The results are shown through the use of graphs and tables.
 
Keyword(s): FABLE, MASNAVI, INTERPRETATIONS, SYMBOLS
 
References: 
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