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Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA   SPRING 2008 , Volume - , Number 33; Page(s) 69 To 76.
 
Paper: 

KETABATKHANA AND SURATKHANA IN THE ILKHANID AND JALAYIRID PERIOD

 
 
Author(s):  AZHAND Y.*
 
* SCHOOL OF VISUAL ARTS, UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF FINE ARTS, UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The key to the creation of the Ilkhanid and Jalayirids art lies in the methods and objectives of the kitabkhana staff, those artists and craftsmen responsible for visualizing princely aspirations. Their adherence to strict notions of artistic conception and transmission was repeatedly borne out by works in a variety of media. There are intriguing anologies among painting, decorative arts, poetry and royal myth. The painting and calligraphies surviving from khitabhana make it possible to begin to reconstruct formal categories. Kitabkhana had two ateliers: ketabatkhana and suratkhana. These divisions were not absolute in conception and practice; they clearly constituted loose groupings reflective of a dynastic visual program. Links with Ilkhanid and Jalayirids ateliers are comfirmed by the "chain of transmission" between master and pupil. The confluence of highly trained artists from this heritage encouraged the creation of an ambition, state sponsored program of artistic production. Litrary evidence often implies a close relationship between ketabatkhana and suratkhana. While details of the relationship between kitabatkhana and suratkhana may be debated, the nature of the art born of that conjunction is vastly clarified by an abunbace of technical material preserved in the manuscripts and albums. The various idioms of the illustrative category: epic, poetic, historical and scientific, were all created by Ilkhanid and Jalayirid patronage. During Ilkhanid and Jalayirid period the productions of luxury manuscripts was such an elaborate process of specialists, or even team of specialists, were required for calligraphy, decoration, gilding, illustration and binding. The complicated paintings in such luxury manuscripts were undoubtedly executed by several artists and apprentices. We know the names of one team of scribe and illuminator and painter who worked in Rashid al- DinH s atelier, presumably at Tabriz. Several scribes from Kashan also penned illustrated and illuminated manuscripts in the Ilkhanid period. By studying the kitabatkhana and suratkhana (writing and picture gallery) we can get a sense of working methods developed by the artists in Ilkhanid and Jalayirid period. A Tradition of illustrated manscripts can be documented in the Persian speaking lands of Iraq and western Iran during the rule of Ilkhanid dynasty, when several distinct Style of book painting emerged. The reasons for this apparent spurt in Production are not totally clear but it was undeniably related to the general cultural revival sponsored by the Ilkhanids. Familiarity with Chinese illustrated Scrolls may also have played arole in this development. Extant manuscripts show that the scribe first copied the text, having blanks for illustration. Sometimes the Scribe himself painted the Pictures: sometimes another artist did. The best example of a 14Th- century Scriptorium is the one founded by the by the vizier Rashid al-Din in Rab- I Rashidi, his quarter in Tabriz. Its endowment deed Provided for the annual copying of the Koran and other religious manuscripts, and an addendum Provided for the annual copying of the vizier`s Collected works in Arabic and Persian. Some of the 220 slaves attached to the complex were assigned to the tasks of calligraphy, Painting and gilding, and all manuscripts were to be done on good Baghdadi paper in a net hand, collated with the originals in the library and bound in Fine leather. In this article the Trend of this element was studied.

 
Keyword(s): DAROLAL KUTUB, KITABATKHANA (WRITING GALLERY), PAINTERS, RAB, RASHIDY, SCRIBES, SURATKHANA (PICTURE GALLERY)
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

AZHAND, Y. (2008). KETABATKHANA AND SURATKHANA IN THE ILKHANID AND JALAYIRID PERIOD. HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA, -(33), 69-76. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=103278



Vancouver: Copy

AZHAND Y.. KETABATKHANA AND SURATKHANA IN THE ILKHANID AND JALAYIRID PERIOD. HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA. 2008 [cited 2021May09];-(33):69-76. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=103278



IEEE: Copy

AZHAND, Y., 2008. KETABATKHANA AND SURATKHANA IN THE ILKHANID AND JALAYIRID PERIOD. HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA, [online] -(33), pp.69-76. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=103278.



 
 
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