Paper Information

Journal:   HONAR-HA-YE-ZIBA   SPRING 2008 , Volume - , Number 33; Page(s) 47 To 56.
 
Paper: 

A STUDY ON THE HOUSING FOR THE NOMADS THE CASE OF GOL AFSHAN NEW TOWN, SEMIRUM, ISFAHAN

 
 
Author(s):  MOEINI MAHDI*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE, FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING, ART UNIVERSITY OF ISFAHAN, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The nomadic way of life is one of the oldest human lifestyles, whose philosophy stemms from taking advantage of natural resources as well as adapting to the geographical/ climatic conditions. House in this lifestyle, has to be extremely mobile. However, because of political reasons, security concerns, and/or providing services and welfare, settling nomads has very often been considered by governments since the past century. The attempt to settle the nomads had and still has its particular pros and cons. Efforts to settle the nomads in Iran were made first in 1931 by Reza Shah, and gained strength in the recent decades, leading to the development of New Towns designed to house the nomads. Settling nomads in new developments has always raised many questions with little answers. Looking at the case of Gol Afshan New Town, this article discusses the doubts and questions around this policy, and studies the issue of replacing mobile nomadic shelters with permanent masonry houses. The study of the designs and planning in this case illustrates shortcomings and flaws in the process, from which lessons can be drawn for the future decision making. The outcome of this study can yield theoretical framework for those who are interested in the issue of housing the nomads. This research consists of two parts. In the first part, a study is done to understand the life style of Nomads before and after permanent settling. This study includes the history of permanent settling of nomads, its effect on their life styles and the professional points of view about its advantages and disadvantages. In the second section, a field work is done to introduce a case of permanent nomadic housing and its sound effects. The article is concluded in the last section. The conclusion is based on theoretical studies and field works. Moreover, regarding to nomads needs in the permanent housing life style, some important points are proposed as follows to be used in future. The house depends on the social/cultural conditions, economic and geographical/climatic conditions. Nomads should cooperate in different steps of house establishment like: financing, designing, selecting the material and constructing. It is highly recommended to avoid having typical plan for all the people. On the other hand by using their cooperation the prototype designing of the house can be introduced. Complicated planning for site and houses should be avoided due to nomads state of mind and life styles. Designing the prototype of the house should be harmonic with the rural housing in the same area. The proposed house plan should have the potential to be developed in the future. The development can be done in several phases while the first phase is to construct a shelter with the basic needs for the settlers. Construction materials should be inexpensive and locally available. The building technology should be vernacular and straightforward to be learned easily by nomads. Like villages some special places should be concerned to keep domestic animals and their needs. For example: barn, stable.

 
Keyword(s): NOMADIC HOUSING, NOMADS, RURAL HOUSING, SETTLEMENT
 
References: 
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