Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES (JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE)   2006 , Volume 37 , Number 1; Page(s) 45 To 55.
 
Paper: 

A STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF WATER STRESS ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS IN TWO GRAPE CULTIVARS

 
 
Author(s):  GHADERI N.*, SIOSEH MARDEH A., SHAHOEI S.S.
 
* FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, UNIVERSITY OF KORDESTAN
 
Abstract: 

An investigation of the role of water stress condition on physiological characteristics of plant may provide means to understand bases of drought resistance. In one experiment the rate of photosynthesis(Pn), transpiration(Tr), leaf conductance(gs), internal Co2 concentration(Ci), the amount of chlorophyll, prolin, soluble carbohydrates in water and alcohol of two grape cultivars (Vitis vinifera) under water stress were studied. Water stress performed from 30th June till 5th July 2003. Results showed temporary reduction in Pn, Tr and gs, under water stress conditions, while the amount of Ci decreased during the first few days and then increased. Reduction in soil water content caused reduction in leaf relative water content (RWC). During water stress period, Pn was reduced from 7.32 and 7.21 (micro mol/m2/s) to 0 in Rasheh and Khoshnav cultivars, respectively. Also, transpiration was reduced from 6.58 to 0.45 and from 6.95 to 0.38 (mmol/m2/s) in Rasheh and Khoshnav, respectively. Concentration of chlorophyl in either of the cultivars was reduced, with reduction being higher in Rasheh cultivar. The amount of prolin was increased in either one of the cultivars. Water stress had different effects on the amount of alcohol soluble carbohydrates. Compared to Rasheh cultivar in which carbohydrate concentration was reduced, it was increased in Khoshnav. The concentration of water soluble carbohydrate was also compared. There was no change observed in Rashe, while reduction was observed Khoshnav cultivar. The amount of gas exchange, chlorophyll, prolin and carbohydrate indicated that Rasheh benefits from a higher resistance to water stress than Khoshnav cultivar.

 
Keyword(s): GRAPE, WATER STRESS, PHOTOSYNTHESIS, CHLOROPHYLL, PROLIN
 
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