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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY   SUMMER 2006 , Volume 8 , Number 2 (29); Page(s) 25 To 38.
 
Paper: 

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF IRAN'S INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIC POLICIES BY STRATEGIC FACTORS ANALYSIS METHOD (SWOT)

 
 
Author(s):  NOURI J.A., ABBAS POUR M., MAGHSOUD LOU KAMALI B.
 
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Abstract: 

The present investigation deals with the quality of capacity building and institutional strengthening of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) in the industrial field as well as determining the environmental strategies for industrial sustainable development in Iran. The main goal of this study is to systematize the environmental considerations in industrial development strategies, policies, plans, and programs at the highest strategic decision- making levels and to ensure environmental considerations and alternatives together with other economic and social considerations. To analyze Iran's industrial development strategies, the matrix method SWOT(strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) was used as one of the most practical techniques of strategic programming. The results of SWOT matrix analysis are indicative of the degree of need for performing an SEA in connection with the country's various industrial strategies in a categorizing priorities system. Among all industrial strategic policies, 2 strategies have been screened and evaluated as the first and 4 strategies as the second priorities. The industrial strategies with the first priority require suitable capacity building for the formation of developing specialized mother companies for the non-governmental sector's development in the industrial field and interaction with foreign companies to enter the international markets and to absorb direct foreign investment. Industrial strategies requiring SEA in the second priority include supporting and encouraging strategies for the industrial exports, providing aid and improvement for the institutions that support small-and medium-sized industries, creating infrastructures for joining the WTO, and decreasing the governmental supervision and restriction in the industrial field. Based of the results of this study, the achievement and realization of the conditions for environmental quality sustainability and industrial development sustainability in Iran call for large-scale strategic decision-making and policy-making regarding the above-mentioned strategies in the framework of SEA methodology and in the pre-research phase (policies, plans and programs) as well as performing EIA projects.

 
Keyword(s): STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT (SEA), SCREENING, POLICY, SWOT MATRIX
 
References: 
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