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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY   SUMMER 2006 , Volume 8 , Number 2 (29); Page(s) 79 To 93.
 
Paper: 

KYOTO PROTOCOL, CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

 
 
Author(s):  RAHIMI NASTARAN*, BAKHTIAR MOHSEN
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY PLANNING BUREAU, MINISTRY OF ENERGY
 
Abstract: 

Since 1992, the Convention of Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol have been among the important environmental activities of the international community. As the Kyoto Protocol has various effects on the economic, technical, and social activities of the developing countries, especially the oil-dependent nations which are in the early stages of sustainable development, analyzing the effects of this protocol is very important.

The economy in Iran is dependent on oil and gas, and the country is located in an arid or semi-arid region, with many endangered natural resources. At the same time, the energy saving activities, substitution of clean energy resources, improving energy efficiency, and the like have had many obvious effects on reducing the emission of various gases and also decreasing the environmental pollution in recent years.

The Convention and the Protocol, the economic and environmental models for Iran based on the climatic changes, and also the ecological effects for the country are studied in this paper. In the end, the challenges and the opportunities of this Protocol are discussed.

 
Keyword(s): KYOTO PROTOCOL, OPPORTUNITIES, CHALLENGES, FOSSIL FUEL RESOURCES, ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, MODELS, CONVENTION, CLIMATE CHANGE
 
References: 
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