Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY   SPRING 2006 , Volume 8 , Number 1 (28); Page(s) 78 To 88.
 
Paper: 

POTENTIAL ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN IRAN: AN EMPHASIS ON WATER RESOURCES

 
 
Author(s):  HAKIM POUR K.*
 
* FACULTY OF INDUSTRIAL SAFETY AND HEALTH, MINISTRY OF LABOUR, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Today, the application of economic instruments for the control of water pollution is being increasingly developed in many countries. However, these instruments themselves are not efficient enough. While most governments are primarily concerned with the legal aspects of water pollution control, the application of legal as well as economic instruments will lead to the enhancement of environmental management. The main objectives of this research are:
- To investigate current economic instruments and to compare them with international experiences.
- To propose to the Department of Environment (DOE) the most applicable economic instruments for the prevention and control of water pollution.
The biggest challenge in the environmental management in Iran is the inability to implement regulations properly. Furthermore, lack of strategic planning, sufficient information and a reliable database has intensified this situation. Therefore, it is recommended that the DOE focus on the formation of a special task force known as "Environmental Police" under the supervision of the national police. The formation of these forces with the aim of protecting the environment in the course of the "4th Development Plan" will be a turning point in the national environmental management resulting in a more appropriate and sustainable environment.
This study focused on economic instruments initiated since the "3rd Development Plan" for the control of environmental pollution. Previous investigations indicate that the implementation of penalties for polluters is a very slow process while the degree of pollution throughout the country is growing rapidly. Unfortunately, the current activities have not been sufficient in minimizing such environmental impacts.
In summary, it has been proposed that the DOE revises its institutional framework rapidly, not only by implementing simultaneously a variety of legal and economic instruments in the water basins, but also by legalizing the formation of the afore-mentioned taskforces.

 
Keyword(s): ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS, ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION CONTROL, WATER RESOURCES, EFFLUENT CHARGES, GREEN TAX, TRADABLE EMISSION QUOTES
 
References: 
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